What is ECHO?

Information Session


ECHO Dates and Topics

09/22/21          Introduction and overview

10/06/21          Introduction to clinical ethics deliberation

10/20/21          Capacity, competence and informed consent

11/03/21          End of life issues and discussions

11/17/21          End of life part two

12/01/21          Difficult discharge

12/15/21          Boundaries and dual relationships

* Winter Break *

01/05/22          Issues in pediatric practice

01/19/22          Care for non-capacitated adults with intellectual disabilities

02/02/22          Care for members of the LGBTQIA+ population

What exactly is clinical ethics?

Clinical ethics is the practical application of theoretical ethics to the field of medicine and delivery of healthcare.  As a discipline, clinical ethics provides a structured, principled way of helping to identify, clarify, analyze, and resolve ethical issues that arise in the clinical context.  Some topics within clinical ethics include:

Issues in end-of-life care

The concept of futility

Physician-patient conflict

Conscientious objection

Healthcare disparities

What does a clinical ethicist do?

Clinical ethicists use their training in ethics, hospital policy, and mediation to help resolve conflicts of values that arise in the medical context.  Sometimes conflict arises because the healthcare team and the patient (or the patient’s family) disagree about what the most appropriate treatment plan is.  At other times, there may be genuine uncertainty about what course of treatment will best respect a patient’s prior wishes, or what course of treatment will best minimize harm to the patient.  In these and other instances of values conflict or uncertainty, a clinical ethicist can help to better understand the value positions in play and facilitate discussions to arrive at conflict resolution and a plan forward.

Clinical ethicists never dictate medical care; instead, they help medical professionals, patients, and families reason through conflict or uncertainty and provide recommendations on how to proceed.

Some common reasons for consulting a clinical ethicist include:

  • A patient’s family members disagree about what types of treatment an incapacitated patient would want.
  • A patient is refusing a treatment that the medical team deems medically necessary.
  • A member of the healthcare team is unsure whether a particular intervention meets the hospital’s definition of ‘futility.’
  • A patient is not capable of providing consent to a procedure, but no family or friends of the patient can be located.

Is ‘clinical ethicist’ just another name for the ethics police?

Not at all.  Like other members of the healthcare team, clinical ethicists work to ensure that patients receive the best possible care and that patients, as well as their families, are supported and informed during the process.  This means that clinical ethicists work collaboratively with patients, families, physicians, nurses, and other members of the healthcare team.

How does an ethics case conference work?

Case conferences are collegial and collaborative processes. Good ethics begins with good facts. A case is presented usually detailing:

  • The presenting medical problem and course
  • The stake holders involved
  • The ethical conflict

A discussion then follows in which there is:

  • An analysis of the conflict with potential resolutions
  • Determination of a path forward that, if at all possible, is reached by consensus of the entire group.

Are case conferences confidential?

Yes, all attendees protect confidentiality by keeping private all discussions.


If you have any questions please email



Rural Healthcare Ethics ECHO

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